Strategies to help make sure you have the retirement you deserve, even if inflation is here to stay
Over the past year, inflation has been a near-constant part of the news cycle. Supply chain issues, government stimulus and increased consumer demand have contributed to higher prices for goods and services. The consumer price index reached an annualized rate of 7.5% in January—its highest in four decades.
Over the long-term, the corrosive effect of inflation decreases the spending power of every dollar you’ve saved—and can throw a wrench into even the most carefully designed retirement plans. Fortunately, there are steps investors can take to inflation-proof their retirement savings. Here are six strategies that can help.
1) Re-evaluate Your Portfolio
This is an opportune time to revisit your portfolio and asset allocation with your Baird Financial Advisor to see if they still meet your desired rate of return and risk tolerance. A couple things to keep in mind related to stocks and bonds in a higher inflationary environment:
Stocks offer higher potential returns, which can help your portfolio outpace the rate of inflation, but stocks also tend to be more volatile than conservative investments like bonds. If your risk tolerance allows it, consider holding a greater portion of your portfolio in stocks to take advantage of higher potential returns.
Bond prices maintain an inverse relationship with interest rates. One of the Federal Reserve‘s tools to combat rising inflation is raising interest rates, and when interest rates rise, bond prices typically decrease. As a result, you may want to avoid overexposure to bonds, which may tumble in value during a rising-rate environment. Investors who are inclined to maintain a specific portion of their portfolio in fixed income may consider a bond ladder as an alternative investment strategy. Learn more about bond ladders.
2) Explore Real Estate
Real estate investments tend to do well during inflationary environments because, as inflation rises, landlords are able to pass those higher costs on to their tenants.
If you’re not interested in becoming someone’s landlord, there are also indirect ways to invest in real estate. For example, you can buy shares of real estate investment trusts, or REITS. These are companies that own and manage real estate, such as apartments, office buildings, hospitals or retail spaces. They generate income by collecting rent and pass the profits on to shareholders.
3) Consider Commodities
While stocks and bonds tend to perform better when inflation is low, commodity prices tend to rise with inflation. For that reason, investing in commodities can be an appealing hedge against inflation. Don’t worry about having to buy individual barrels of oil: You can get exposure to commodities through specialized mutual funds and exchange-traded funds.
4) Look Into TIPS
Treasury inflation-protected securities, or TIPS, are bonds issued by the U.S. government as well as various mutual fund companies. TIPS are designed so that their principal value is indexed to the rate of inflation. When inflation rises, the value of the principal is adjusted up and the interest rate, or coupon, also rises. When inflation falls, principal value is adjusted down and coupon payments will decline as well.
5) Revisit Your Budget
Inflation can be particularly hard on investors who are nearing, or who have just entered, retirement. Drawing down your investments faster than planned at the beginning of retirement can have long lasting-effects on your savings for years to come. To help avoid this, look for areas in your budget where you can cut some discretionary expenses, at least in the short-term. Putting off that trip to Europe for a year or two could pay dividends for you down the road.
6) Invest in Yourself
Increasing your income is obviously the best way to keep pace with inflation. Given the tight labor market, this would be a great time to renegotiate your compensation with your employer, such as asking for a raise or stock options. Inflation also means that interest rates are likely to rise, so it might be time to consider a debt-financed investment such as a second home. Or, if you or a loved one are early in your careers, consider locking in a low rate now for a graduate degree before interest rates rise. Student loan interest may also be deductible and potential tax credits could apply, making a new degree more affordable.
Remember that investing for retirement, even if you’re already retired, is a long-term commitment. Avoid making any rash decisions based on short-term changes in the economy. Consult your plan and your Baird Financial Advisor to help ensure that the inflation-proofing steps you take will also keep you on track to meet your retirement goals.
The information reflected on this page are Baird expert opinions today and are subject to change. The information provided here has not taken into consideration the investment goals or needs of any specific investor and investors should not make any investment decisions based solely on this information. Past performance is not a guarantee of future results. All investments have some level of risk, and investors have different time horizons, goals and risk tolerances, so speak to your Baird Financial Advisor before taking action.